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Title: Ferroelectric and incipient ferroelectric properties of a novel Sr9-xPbxCe2Ti2O36(x=0-9) ceramic system
Authors: Kamba, S
Savinov, M
Laufek, F
Tkac, O
Kadlec, C
Veljko, S
Elizabeth, J J
Subodh, G
Sebastian, M T
Klementova, M
Bovtun, V
Pokorny, J
Goian, V
Petzelt, J
Keywords: Microwave dielectric properties
Ionic parameters
Complex perovskite ceramics
homologous series
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Chemistry of Materials 21(5):811-819;10 Mar 2009
Abstract: Sr9-xPbxCe2Ti12O36 system is derived from the perovskite SrTiO3 and its chemical formula can be written as (Sr1-yPby)(0.75)Ce0.167TiO3. We investigated dielectric response of Sr9-xPbxCe2Ti12O36 ceramics (x = 0-9) between 100 Hz and 100 THz at temperatures from 10 to 700 K using low- and high-frequency dielectric, microwave (MW), THz, and infrared spectroscopy. We revealed that Sr9Ce2Ti12O36 is an incipient ferroelectric with the R (3) over barc trigonal structure whose relative permittivity epsilon ' increases from 167 at 300 K and saturates near 240 below 30 K. The subsequent substitution of Sr by Pb enhances epsilon ' to several thousands and induces a ferroelectric phase transition to monoclinic Cc phase for x >= 3. Its critical temperature T-c linearly depends on the Pb concentration and reaches 550 K for x = 9. The phase transition is of displacive type. The permittivity epsilon ' follows the Barrett formula (typical for quantum paraelectrics) in samples with x <= 2. The MW dispersion is lacking and quality factor Q is high in samples with low Pb concentration, although the permittivity is very high in some cases. However, because of the lattice softening, the temperature change of the permittivity is rather high. The best MW quality factor was observed for x = 1: Qf = 5800 GHz and epsilon ' = 250. Concluding, the dielectric properties of Sr9-xPbxCe2Ti12O36 are similar to those of Ba1-xSrxTiO3 so that this system can be presumably used as an alternative for MW devices or capacitors.
ISSN: 0897-4756
Appears in Collections:2009

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