Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1551
Title: Microwave assisted citrate gel combustion synthesis of ZnO Part-II: assessment of functional properties
Authors: Ananthakumar, S
Anas, S
Ambily, J
Mangalaraja, R V
Keywords: Photocatalysis
Functional ZnO
Doped ZNO
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Korean Assoc Crystal Growth
Citation: Journal of Ceramic Processing Research 11(2):164-169;Apr 2010
Abstract: In this study, the functional properties of nanocrystalline ZnO derived through a microwave assisted citrate gel decomposition technique were examined by UV-Vis and PL spectroscopy. The prepared ZnO and ZnO containing Al(3+), Ag(+) and a mixture of (Al(3+)+ Ag(+)) dopants were subjected to photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye under UV irradiation and photoluminescence analysis. The band gap reduction and photo-oxidation reaction kinetics were assessed. The functional properly studies revealed that ZnO nano clusters showed a UV absorption edge at 393 nm with band gap energy of 3.159 eV. A significant band gap reduction is found in mixed ions doping [Al(3+)+Ag(+)] compared to single Ag(+) and Al(3+) dopants. The photo-oxidation reaction follows pseudo- first-order reaction kinetics and a k(obs) constant of 0.273 was determined with mixed dopants. An enhanced photoactivity was confirmed by the ultrasonication of a ZnO-dye suspension. The PL measurements showed blue and red emission in Ag(+) and Al(3+) doped ZnO, respectively. The mixed ions [Al(3+) + Ag(+)] resulted in a pronounced intense orange-red emission in the visible region. In addition to this, the photoactivity of microwave-derived ZnO clusters was confirmed in a kaolin clay matrix. The kaolin modified with 2 wt% ZnO was found to be photoactive and it degraded the methylene blue dye within 3 h under UV irradiation.
ISSN: 1229-9162
Appears in Collections:2010

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