Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1682
Title: Oxide ion conductivity and relaxation in CaREZrNbO7 (RE=La,Nd, Sm,Gd, and Y) system
Authors: Sibi, K S
Radhakrishnan, A N
Deepa, M
Prabhakar Rao, P
Peter Koshy
Keywords: Oxide ion conductivity
Relaxation frequency
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Solid State Ionics 180(20-22):1164–1172;17 Aug 2009
Abstract: CaREZrNbO7 (RE=La, Nd, Sm, Gd and Y) system changed from fluorite (F)-type to pyrochlore (P)-type structure when the ionic radius ratios, r(Ca2+–RE3+)av/r(Zr4+–Nb5+)av were larger than 1.34. Thus, the La, Nd, and Sm compounds have a cubic P-type structure and the Gd and Y ones have a defect F-type structure. The electrical conductivity was measured using complex-plane impedance analysis over a wide temperature (300– 750 °C) and frequency (1 Hz–1 MHz) ranges. The conductivity relaxation phenomenonwas observed in these compounds and the relaxation frequencieswere found to showArrhenius-type behavior and activation energies were in good agreement with those obtained from high temperature conductivity plots. These results support the idea that the relaxation process and the conductivity have the same origin. The ionic conductivity of CaREZrNbO7 (RE=La,Nd, Sm, Gd and Y) systemshowed themaximumat the phase boundary between the F-type and P-type phases. On the other hand, the activation energy for the conduction decreased in the F-type phase and increased in the P-type phase with increasing ionic radius ratio. Among the prepared compounds,CaGdZrNbO7 showed the highest ionic conductivity of 9.47×10−3 S/cm at 750 °C which was about twice as high as that observed in Gd2Zr2O7 (4.2×10−3 S/cm at 800 °C). The grain morphology observation by scanning electron microscope (SEM) showedwell-sintered grains. AC impedance measurements in various atmospheres further indicated that they are predominantly oxide ion conductors at elevated temperatures (N700 °C).
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