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Title: Dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of sorghum biomass for sugar recovery- A statistical approach
Authors: Akanksha, K
Arjun Prasad
Rajeev K Sukumaran
Nampoothiri, K M
Pandey, A
Rao, S S
Binod, P
Keywords: Biofuel
Enzymatic hydrolysis pretreatment
Sorghum biomass
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: NISCAIR
Citation: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 52(11):1082-1089;Nov 2014
Abstract: Sorghum is one of the commercially feasible lignocellulosic biomass and has a great potential of being sustainable feedstock for renewable energy. As with any lignocellulosic biomass, sorghum also requires pretreatment which increases its susceptibility to hydrolysis by enzymes for generating sugars which can be further fermented to alcohol. In the present study, sorghum biomass was evaluated for deriving maximum fermentable sugars by optimizing various pretreatment parameters using statistical optimization methods. Pretreatment studies were done with H2SO4, followed by enzymatic saccharification. The efficiency of the process was evaluated on the basis of production of the total reducing sugars released during the process. Compositional analysis was done for native as well as pretreated biomass and compared. The biomass pretreated with the optimized conditions could yield 0.408 g of reducing sugars /g of pretreated biomass upon enzymatic hydrolysis. The cellulose content in the solid portion obtained after pretreatment using optimised conditions was found to be increased by 43.37% with lesser production of inhibitors in acid pretreated liquor.
ISSN: 0019-5189
Appears in Collections:2014

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