Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2093
Title: Use of molecular electrostatic potential for quantitative assessment of inductive effect
Authors: Suresh, C H
Alexander, P
Vijayalakshmi, K P
Sajith, P K
Gadre, S R
Keywords: Physical organic-chemistry
Bond-dissociation energies
Local ionization energies
Metal carbene complexes
Substituent constants
Aqueous acetonitrile
Hammett equation
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 10(43):6492-6499;2008
Abstract: Density functional theory computations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d, p) level have been carried out for three types of model compounds, viz. (i) 4-substituted bicyclo[2.2.2] octane carboxylic acids, (ii) anions of 4-substituted bicyclo[2.2.2] octane carboxylic acids and (iii) 4-substituted quinuclidines where the substituents are NO2, CN, Cl, Br, CF3, F, CHO, CH2Cl, COOH, COCH3, CONH2, OH, OCH3, C6H5, NH2, H, CH3, CH2CH3, CH(CH3)(2), and C(CH3)(3) to study the dependencies between molecular electrostatic potential minimum (V-min) and the inductive substituent constant sigma(I). All the three model systems show excellent linear correlation between V-min and sigma(I) suggesting that the calculation of V-min parameter in these systems offers a simple and efficient computational approach for the evaluation of inductive substituent constants. The calculated linear equation for the models (i), (ii), and (iii) are V-min = 12.982 sigma(I) - 48.867, V-min = 13.444 sigma(I) - 182.760, and V-min = 18.100 sigma(I) - 65.785, respectively. Considering the simplicity of the quinuclidine model, V-min value at the nitrogen lone pair region of a 4-substituted quinuclidine system is recommended for the evaluation of sI. Further, the additivity effect of sigma(I) is tested on multiply substituted quinuclidine and bicyclo[2.2.2] octane carboxylic acid derivatives using the V-min approach and the results firmly supported the additivity rule of inductive effect. The systems showing considerable deviations from the additivity rule are easily recognized as those showing either steric effect or intramolecular hydrogen bond interactions at the V-min response site. However, the distance relation of sigma(I) is not well represented in the caged molecular systems.
ISSN: 1463-9076
Appears in Collections:2008

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