Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2583
Title: Azadirone, a Limonoid Tetranortriterpene, Induces Death Receptors and Sensitizes Human Cancer Cells to Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) through a p53 Protein-independent Mechanism EVIDENCE FOR THE ROLE OF THE ROS-ERK-CHOP-DEATH RECEPTOR PATHWAY
Authors: Subash, C. Gupta
Sajin, K. Francis
Mangalam, S. Nair
Yin-Yuan, Mo
Bharat, B. Aggarwal
Keywords: Tumor cells
Limonoidal tetranortriterpene
Sensitize human tumor cells
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2013
Publisher: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc
Citation: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY VOL. 288, NO. 45, pp. 32343–32356, November 8, 2013
Abstract: Although tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has shown efficacy in a phase 2 clinical trial, development of resistance to TRAIL by tumor cells is a major roadblock. We investigated whether azadirone, a limonoidal tetranortriterpene, can sensitize human tumor cells to TRAIL. Results indicate that azadirone sensitized cancer cells to TRAIL. The limonoid induced expression of death receptor (DR) 5 and DR4but did not affect expression of decoy receptors in cancer cells. The induction of DRs was mediated through activation ofERKand through up-regulation of a transcription factorCCAATenhancerbinding protein homologous protein (CHOP) as silencing of these signaling molecules abrogated the effect of azadirone. These effects of azadirone were cancer cell-specific. The CHOP binding site on the DR5 gene was required for induction of DR5 by azadirone. Up-regulation of DRs was mediated through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as ROS scavengers reduced the effect of azadirone on ERK activation, CHOP up-regulation, DR induction, and TRAIL sensitization. The induction of DRs by this limonoid was independent of p53, but sensitization to TRAIL was p53-dependent. The limonoid down-regulated the expression of cell survival proteins and up-regulated the proapoptotic proteins. The combination of azadirone with TRAIL was found to be additive at concentrations lower than IC50, whereas at higher concentrations, the combination was synergistic. Overall, this study indicates that azadirone can sensitize cancer cells to TRAIL through ROS-ERK-CHOP-mediated up-regulation of DR5 and DR4 signaling, down-regulation of cell survival proteins, and up-regulation of proapoptotic proteins.
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