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Title: Exposure and Cancer Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Street Dust of Asansol City, India
Authors: Manash, G
Masto, R E
Joshy, George
Balachandran, S
Keywords: Street dust
Carcinogenic health risk
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Sustainable Cities and Society, 38:616–626
Abstract: The sources, distribution and total concentration of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 15 urban street dust samples (each for summer, winter and monsoon season) from Asansol, an industrial city were investigated to evaluate and understand the carcinogenic risk of urban inhabitants exposed to street dust. The results showed that the total PAHs (ΣPAHs) in urban street dust at Asansol ranged from 1708 ± 1345 ng/g to 9688 ± 3257 ng/g with an average value of 4532 ± 2031 ng/g. The 2-ring to 3-ring PAHs dominated in winter; whereas 5-ring to 6-ring PAHs contributed maximum in summer. Principal component analysis (PCA) and ratio determination were performed to identify the potential sources of PAHs. Anth/(Phe+Anth), BaP/ BghiP, Fla/(Pyr+Fla), IP/(IP+BghiP), Flt/Pyr, Phen/Anth, and BaA/Chry ratios indicated mixed sources of PAHs. Our result concluded that at Asansol, biomass combustion, coal combustion, traffic emission (gasoline and diesel powered vehicles), thrash burning and domestic coal utilization activity, along with temperature and meteorological dependent played an important role in controlling the distribution of PAHs in street dust. According to the Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk (ILCR) model, the total cancer risk for children and adults were maximum at industrial sites, i e., 1.4E-05 and 1.5E-05 respectively.
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