Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3262
Title: Polyphenol Rich Ethanolic Extract From Boerhavia Diffusa L. Mitigates Angiotensin II Induced Cardiac Hypertrophy and Fibrosis in Rats
Authors: Prathapan, A
Varghese, M V
Abhilash, S
Salin Raj, P
Mathew, A K
Anupama Nair
Harikumaran Nair, R
Raghu, K G
Keywords: Cardiac mass index
B-type natriuretic peptide
Collagen
Membrane bound ATPase
Nrf2
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 87:427-436
Abstract: Boerhavia diffusa is a renowned edible medicinal plant extensively used against different ailments including heart diseases in the traditional system of medicine in several countries. The present study aims to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of ethanolic extract of Boerhavia diffusa (BDE) on cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) in male wistar rats and to identify the active components present in it. A substantial increase of hypertrophy markers such as cardiac mass index, concentration of ANP and BNP, cardiac injury markers like CK-MB, LDH and SGOT, has been observed in hypertrophied groups whereas BDE treatment attenuated these changes when compared to hyper- trophied rats. Moreover, Ang II induced myocardial oxidative stress was reduced by BDE which was apparent from diminished level of lipid and protein oxidation products, increased activities of membrane bound ATPases and endogenous antioxidant enzymes along with enhanced translocation of Nrf2 from the cytosol to nucleus. It appears that BDE evokes its antioxidant effects by attenuating lipid peroxidation, enhancing the translocation of Nrf2 from the cytoplasm to nucleus as well as by regulating the metabolism of glutathione. The extent of fibrosis during cardiac hypertrophy was determined by histopathology analysis and the results revealed that BDE treatment considerably reduced the fibrosis in the heart. HPLC analysis of BDE leads to the identification of four compounds viz., quercetin, kaempferol, boeravinone B and caffeic acid. The study substantiate the effect of B. diffusa in protecting the heart from pathological hypertrophy and the attenuation of cardiac abnormalities may be partly attributed through the reduction of oxidative stress and cardiac fibrosis. Since the plant is widely used as a green leafy vegetable, incorporation of this plant in diet may be an alternative way for the prevention and better management of heart diseases and associated complications.
URI: http://10.10.100.66:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/3262
Appears in Collections:2017



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