Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.niist.res.in:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/3548
Title: Tuning the Structural Transitions and Magnetocaloric Response in Gd5Si1.7Ge2.3 Alloys Through Cobalt Addition
Authors: Uthaman, B
Raji, G R
Thomas, S
Suresh, K G
Varma, M R
Keywords: Curie temperature
Gd5(Six Ge1 x )4 series
magnetocaloric effect (MCE)
magneto-structural transition
microstructure
universal curve
Issue Date: 22-Jul-2019
Publisher: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics; 55(10):2924941
Abstract: Materials with a large magnetocaloric effect are of great significance for applications in thermomagnetic power generation and magnetic refrigeration. We report the effect of cobalt addition on the structural, magnetic, and magnetocaloric properties of Gd5 Si1.7 Ge2.3xCox with x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns reveals that the Gd5 Si1.7 Ge2.3x Cox compounds with x≤0.3 crystallize in a mixed state of monoclinic and orthorhombic structures. With the increase in Co concentration, the compounds stabilize in orthorhombic structure with the Pbnm space group. Magnetization measurements indicate first-order and second-order transitions for lower Co concentrations (x≤0.3), while for the composition with x=0.4, only a second-order transition is evident, which is due to the stabilization of the orthorhombic structure for higher compositions. At lower fields, short-range ferromagnetic correlations are apparent, which is attributed to the presence of competing intra-layer and inter-layer magnetic interactions. An enhancement in Curie temperature has been observed from 243 to 283 K with an entropy change ( SM) of 12.8 at 243 K, 14.5 at 262 K, 10.4 at 270 K, and 5.8 J/kg K at 283 K for x=0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4, respectively,for a field change of 5 T. Universal curve analysis corroborates the transition of first order to second order as evidenced by magnetization measurements. The ability to tune the transition temperature to near room temperature through the proper addition of transition elements could provide an interesting pathway toward the development of materials for room temperature refrigeration applications.
URI: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=8768347
http://10.10.100.66:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/3548
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