Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/366
Title: Organosolvent pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw for the production of bioethanol
Authors: Sindhu, R
Binod, P
Rajeev K Sukumaran
Pandey, A
Keywords: Lignocellulosic biomass
Response surface methodology
Rice straw
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Springer
Citation: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 28(2):473-483;2012
Abstract: The present study investigates the operational conditions for organosolvent pretreatment and hydrolysis of rice straw. Among the different organic acids and organic solvents tested, acetone was found to be most effective based on the fermentable sugar yield. Optimization of process parameters for acetone pretreatment were carried out. The structural changes before and after pretreatment were investigated by scanning electron microscopy,X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared(FTIR) analysis. The X-ray diffraction profile showed that the degree of crystallinity was higher for acetone pretreated biomass than that of the native. FTIR spectrum also exhibited significant difference between the native and pretreated samples. Under optimum pretreatment conditions 0.458 g of reducing sugar was produced per gram of pretreated biomass with a fermentation efficiency of 39%.Optimization of process parameters for hydrolysis such as biomass loading, enzyme loading, surfactant concentration and incubation time was done using Box–Benhken design.The results indicate that acetone pretreated rice straw can be used as a good feed stock for bioethanol production
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