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Title: Clean Water from Air Utilizing Black TiO2‑Based Photothermal Nanocomposite Sheets
Authors: Backer, SN
Ramachandran, AM
Venugopal, AA
Mohamed, AP
Asok, A
Pillai, S
Keywords: atmospheric water
TiO2 nanoparticles
oxygen vacancy
photothermal sheet
solar thermal
Issue Date: 24-Jul-2020
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: ACS Applied Nano Materials;3(7):6827-6835.
Abstract: Herein, we demonstrate a simple, highly efficient, and cost-effective clean water generation strategy that can be implemented in the geographical locations deprived of freshwater resources. We captured and purified the atmospheric water utilizing CaCl2 as a deliquescent material followed by solar thermal desalination with an engineered-photothermal nanocomposite sheet (E-PNS). The E-PNS was prepared using Mn2+ ion promoted oxygen vacancy (V-O) rich black anatase TiO2 nanoparticles as filler and poly(vinylidene fluoride) as the polymer matrix. The developed E-PNS exhibits an excellent radiation absorption of similar to 98.5% covering the entire solar spectrum (250-2500 nm) and has interconnected micropores that facilitate efficient solar-thermal heat and mass transfer. Hence, the reported clean water generation strategy achieves a high solar to thermal conversion efficiency of 90% under light irradiation (solar simulator, intensity 1.13 kW m(-2)), which is 2.2 times higher when compared to water itself. Further, real-time analysis of an E-PNS integrated all-in-one water from air generator prototype showed a clean water generation rate of 0.365 kg m(-2) h(-1), i.e., similar to 2.2 L m(-2) day(-1), under direct solar irradiation (similar to 1.06 kW m(-2)), thereby offering a very promising technological solution for the production of clean water in water-scarce regions.
Appears in Collections:2020

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