Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/3974
Title: Acid Hydrolysis of Damaged Wheat Grains: Modeling the Formation of Reducing Sugars by a Neural Network Approach
Authors: Sirohi, R
Pandey, J P
Singh, A
Sindhu, R
Lohani, U C
Goel, R
Kumar, A
Keywords: acid hydrolysis
damaged wheat
reducing sugar
neural network
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Industrial Crops and Products;149:112351
Abstract: In this work, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid and sulphuric acid were screened for their relative potential for hydrolysis of damaged wheat grains. Inhibitor concentration and reducing sugar were taken as performance parameters. Concentration of four inhibitors namely, furfural, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, acetic acid and formic acid were measured by high pressure liquid chromatography. Initial screening demonstrated that HCl was the most potent acid for hydrolysis. Subsequent experiments with different substrate (10 %, 15 %, 20 % w/w) and acid concentrations (1%, 3%, 5% w/v) were carried out to identify suitable hydrolysis condition for maximum conversion of substrate to reducing sugars (RS). Results showed that 3% HCl with 15 % substrate concentration produced highest RS (116.29 mg/mL) after 45 min of hydrolysis. Early formation of inhibitors was observed at 5% HCl which diminished the RS formation. Although hydrolysis with 1% HCl yielded RS comparable to that of 3% HCl concentration, the time of hydrolysis was higher. Artificial neural network (ANN) and second-order models were applied to the experimental data to map the variation in RS with hydrolysis. ANN performed well in predicting RS after hydrolysis with good accuracy (R2 = 0.939). The obtained model can be used to predict the variation in RS over a wide range of process variables thereby making the selection of hydrolysis process parameters easier.
Appears in Collections:2020

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Acid hydrolysis of damaged wheat grains_SirohiR_Industrial Crops & Products.pdf
  Restricted Access
1.22 MBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.