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Title: Energy requirement for alkali assisted microwave and high pressure reactor pretreatments of cotton plant residue and its hydrolysis for fermentable sugar production for biofuel application
Authors: Vani, S
Binod, P
Kuttiraja, M
Sandhya, S V
Preeti, V E
Rajeev K Sukumaran
Pandey, A
Keywords: Cotton plant residue
Energy for pretreatment
Microwave pretreatment
High pressure pretreatment
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Bioresource Technology 112:300-307;2012
Abstract: In the present work, alkali assisted microwave pretreatment (AAMP) of cotton plant residue (CPR) with high pressure reactor pretreatment was compared. Further, modeling of AAMP was attempted. AAMP, followed by enzymatic saccharification was evaluated and the critical parameters were identified to be exposure time, particle size and enzyme loading. The levels of these parameters were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) to enhance sugar yield. AAMP of CPR (1 mm average size) for 6 min at 300W yielded solid fractions that on hydrolysis resulted in maximum reducing sugar yield of 0.495 g/g. The energy required for AAMP at 300W for 6 min was 108 kJ whereas high pressure pretreatment (180 C, 100 rpm for 45 min) requires 5 times more energy i.e., 540 kJ. Physiochemical characterization of native and pretreated feedstock revealed differences between high pressure pretreatment and AAMP
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