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Title: Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Gd3 xTbxGa5O12 (x¼0, 1,2,3) garnets
Authors: Reshmi, C P
Savitha Pillai, S
Suresh, K G
Manoj Raama Varma
Keywords: Rare earth garnet
Effective magnetic moment
Arrott plot
Magnetocaloric effect
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 324(12):1962-1966;Jun 2012
Abstract: The structure and magnetocaloric properties of Tb substituted Gd3Ga5O12 garnets have been investigated.The structural refinement to X-ray diffraction patterns show that Gd3 xTbxGa5O12 (x¼0, 1,2,3)are isostructural,with the symmetry of a cubic space group Ia3d. The temperature dependence of magnetization studies indicate that all the samples follow Curie–Weiss paramagnetic behavior above 25K M and the effective magnetic moment increases with Tb concentration.The low temperature magnetization studies suggest that there exists a field dependent antiferromagnetic ordering of rare earth ions in Tb substituted Gd3Ga5O12, which inturn leads to a lower magnetic moment in Gd3 xTbxGa5O12 (x¼1, 2,3),comparedtothatofGd3Ga5O12. Magnitude of field corresponding to the antiferromagnetic ordering is found to be dependent on temperature as well as on Tb concentration. Magnetocaloric effect analysis confirms that Tb substitution enhances the magnetic entropy change at higher temperatures and Gd3 xTbxGa5O12 (x¼1, 2,3)are better candidates than Gd3Ga5O12 for low fields and low temperature magnetic refrigeration applications
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