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dc.contributor.authorSajith, P K-
dc.contributor.authorSuresh, C H-
dc.identifier.citationInorganic Chemistry 51(2):967-977;16 Jan 2012en_US
dc.description.abstractThe trans influence of various X ligands in hypervalent iodine(III) complexes of the type CF3[I(X)Cl]has been quantified using the trans I−Cl bond length (dX), the electron density ρ(r) at the (3, −1) bond critical point of the trans I−Cl bond, and topological features of the molecular electrostatic potential (MESP). The MESP minimum at the Cl lone pair region (Vmin) is a sensitive measure of the trans influence. The trans influence of X ligands in hypervalent iodine(V) complexes is smaller than that in iodine(III) complexes, while the relative ordering of this influence is the same in both complexes. In CF3[I(X)Y] complexes, the mutual trans influence due to the trans disposition of the X and Y ligands is quantified using the energy EXY of the isodesmic reaction CF3[I(X)Cl] + CF3[I(Y)Cl] → CF3[I(Cl)Cl] + CF3[I(X)Y]. EXY is predicted with good accuracy using the trans-influence parameters of X and Y, measured in terms of dX, ρ(r), or Vmin. The bond dissociation energy (Ed) of X or Y in CF3[I(X)Y] is significantly influenced by the trans influence as well as the mutual trans influence. This is confirmed by deriving an empirical equation to predict Ed using one of the trans-influence parameters (dX, ρ(r), or Vmin) and the mutual trans-influence parameter EXY for a large number of complexes. The quantified values of both the trans influence and the mutual trans-influence parameters may find use in assessing the stability of hypervalent iodine compounds as well as in the design of new stable hypervalent complexes. Knowledge about the I−X bond dissociation energies will be useful for explaining the reactivity of hypervalent iodine complexes and the mechanism of their reactionsen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societyen_US
dc.subjectHypervalent iodine complexesen_US
dc.subjectElectron density valuesen_US
dc.subjectElectron energy densityen_US
dc.subjectTrans influence parametersen_US
dc.titleQuantification of the trans influence in hypervalent iodine complexesen_US
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