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Title: Accelerated pentose utilization by Corynebacterium glutamicum for accelerated production of lysine, glutamate, ornithine and putrescine
Authors: Meiswinkel, T M
Vipin Gopinath
Lindner, S N
Nampoothiri, K M
Wendisch, V F
Keywords: Arabinose and xylose
Pentose utilization
Corynebacterium glutamicum
Lignocellulosic hydrolysates
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Microbial Biotechnology 6(2):131-140;Mar 2013
Abstract: Because of their abundance in hemicellulosic wastes arabinose and xylose are an interesting source of carbon for biotechnological production processes. Previous studies have engineered several Coryne-bacterium glutamicum strains for the utilization of arabinose and xylose, however, with inefficient xylose utilization capabilities. To improve xylose utilization, different xylose isomerase genes were tested in C.glutamicum. The gene originating from Xan-thomonas campestris was shown to have the highest effect, resulting in growth rates of 0.14h-1, followed by genes from Bacillus subtilis, Mycobacterium smegmatis and Escherichia coli. To further increase xylose utilization different xylulokinase genes expressed combined with X.campestris xylose isomerase gene. All combinations further increased growth rates of the recombinant strains up to 0.20h-1 and moreover increased biomass yields. The gene combination of X.campestris xylose isomerase and C.glutamicum xylulokinase was the fastest growing on xylose and compared with the previously described strain solely expressing E.coli xylose isomerase gene delivered a doubled growth rate. Productivity of the amino acids glutamate, lysine and ornithine, as well as the diamine putrescine was increased as well as final titres except for lysine where titres remained unchanged. Also productivity in medium containing rice straw hydrolysate as carbon source was increased
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