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|Effect of two-step sintering on rare earth (RE = Y2 O3,Pr6 O11) doped ZnO–Bi2O3 varistors processed from ‘nano-precursor’ powders
|Mahesh, K V
|Journal of Materials Science:Materials in Electronics 24(5):1495-1504;May 2013
|Nano size ZnO–Bi2O3 varistor precursor powders containing Y2O3 and Pr6O11 rare earth dopants were prepared by low temperature refluxing at 80 °C. Effect of rare earth dopants, densification by two-step sintering, evolution of microstructures and their influence on varistor properties were investigated. Chemically synthesized nano- precursor varistor powders produced controlled grain size in two-step sintering in which the average sintered ZnO grain size was reduced to at least half compared to the conventionally processed ZnO–Bi2O3 varistors. The study revealed that such grain size reduction is highly beneficial to attain enhanced varistor properties.
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