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Title: Comparing ultraviolet and chemical reduction techniques for enhancing photocatalytic activity of silver oxide/silver deposited nanocrystalline anatase titania
Authors: Priya, R
Baiju, K V
Shukla, S
Biju, S
Reddy, M L P
Patil, K
Warrier, K G K
Keywords: Negative ion implantation
TIO2 photocatalyst
Thin films
Inorganic anions
Aqueous solution
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(15):6243-6255;16 Apr 2009
Abstract: Silver oxide/silver have been deposited, with varying silver concentration (0.01-10 mol %), on the surface of sol-gel derived nanocrystal line anatase titania using two different techniques, namely the ultraviolet reduction and chemical reduction (using stannous ions). The pure and silver oxide/silver-deposited nanocrystalline anatase titania have been characterized for their morphology, average nanocrystal lite size, specific surface area, phases involved, surface chemistry, band gap, and photoluminescence using various analytical techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller surface-area measurement, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry, and spectrofluorometry, respectively. The photocatalytic activity of pure and silver oxide/silver-deposited nanocrystalline anatase titania has been measured by monitoring the degradation of methylene blue dye in an aqueous solution under ultraviolet-radiation exposure. Within the investigated Ag-concentration range, the maximum photocatalytic activity has been observed for 0.1 and 10 mol % Ag for the chemical-reduction (using stannous ions) and ultraviolet-reduction methods with the corresponding apparent first-order reaction-rate constant (k(app)) values of 0.228 and 0.151 min(-1), which are 3.5 and 2.3 times larger than that of pure nanocrystalline anatase fitania (0.065 min(-1)). The chemical-reduction method (using stannous ions), hence, appears to be more effective than the ultraviolet-reduction method for enhancing the photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline anatase titania. Various factors such as the surface concentration of superoxide ions, oxygen-ion vacancies, and stannous ions as well as the amount of silver oxide/silver and tin oxide are observed to control the surface-adsorption of methylene blue and photoinduced electron/hole lifetime and, hence, variation in the photocatalytic activity as a function of silver concentration.
ISSN: 1932-7447
Appears in Collections:2009

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