Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/972
Title: Aluminosilicates with varying alumina-silica ratios: synthesis via a hybrid sol-gel route and structural characterization
Authors: Padmaja, P N
Moothetty, P
Berry, F J
Mortimer, M
Warrier, K G K
Keywords: Boehmite
Mullite precursors
Oxide gels
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Dalton Transactions 39(21):5101-5107;2010
Abstract: Aluminosilicates with varying Al(2)O(3):SiO(2) molar ratios (3 : 1, 3 : 2, 3 : 3 and 3 : 4) have been synthesized using a hybrid sol-gel route using boehmite sol as the precursor for alumina and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as the precursor for silica. The synthesis of boehmite sol from aluminium nitrate, and its use as the alumina precursor, is cost effective compared to alkoxide precursors. Structural aspects, including bonding and coordination, are studied in detail for samples calcined in the temperature range 400-1400 degrees C using both NMR and FTIR spectroscopy: the results are correlated with phase formation data (spinel and high temperature phases) obtained from XRD and thermal analysis. FTIR results show a broadening of peaks at 800 degrees C indicating a disordered distribution of octahedral sites caused by crosslinking between AlO(6) octahedral and SiO(4) tetrahedral units prior to the formation of mullite. (27)Al MAS NMR spectra are consistent with a progressive decrease in the number of AlO(6) polyhedra with increasing temperature corresponding to Al in these units being forced to adopt a tetrahedral coordination due to the increasing presence of similarly coordinated Si species. XRD results confirm the formation of pure mullite at 1250 degrees C for a 3Al(2)O(3):2SiO(2) system. At 1400 degrees C, phase pure mullite is observed for all compositions except 3Al(2)O(3):SiO(2) where alpha-Al(2)O(3) is the major phase with traces of mullite. The synthesis of aluminosilicates through a hybrid sol-gel route and the detailed insight into structural features gained from spectroscopic and diffraction techniques contributes further to the development of these materials in applications ranging from nanocatalysts to high-temperature ceramics.
ISSN: 1477-9226
Appears in Collections:2010

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2010_ 0042.pdf
  Restricted Access
451.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.