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|Title:||Molecular cloning, overexpression and characterization of the raw-starch-digesting alpha-amylase of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens|
Nampoothiri, K M
Raw starch digestion
|Citation:||Biologia 65(3):392-398;Jun 2010|
|Abstract:||Raw starch is the most abundant source of glucose in the world. Therefore, finding enzymes capable of digesting raw starch would find high industrial demand. The alpha-amylase gene of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ATCC 23842 was amplified, cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells. The recombinant enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity using ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The raw-starch digestibility of the purified enzyme was characterized by studying the hydrolysis and adsorption rate on a variety of raw starches (potato, cassava, corn, wheat and rice). The raw-starch digestion was further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy studies, which revealed an effective rate of hydrolysis. The kinetic studies revealed a relatively low K (m) of 2.76 mg/mL, exhibiting high affinity towards the soluble starch as the most preferred substrate and the inhibition kinetic studies revealed a high K (i) value (350 mM).|
|Appears in Collections:||2010|
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